AskDefine | Define carboxyl

Dictionary Definition

carboxyl adj : relating to or containing the carboxyl group or carboxyl radical [syn: carboxylic] n : the univalent radical -COOH; present in and characteristic of organic acids [syn: carboxyl group]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. A univalent functional group consisting of a carbonyl and a hydroxyl functional group (-CO.OH); characteristic of carboxylic acids.

Translations

carboxyl

Extensive Definition

Carboxyl group or carboxyl group COOH or CO2H is a functional group present in amino acids and carboxylic acids. Its structure is composed of one carbon atom attached to an oxygen atom by a double bond and to a hydroxyl group by a single bond. It is often mentioned that a carboxyl group is a carbonyl group bonded to a hydroxyl group. The carboxyl group has one valence electron in its carbon atom, making it possible to be a part in a larger molecule by bonding through it. Carboxyl groups can only occur at the end of a carbon chain, because the carbon must make 3 bonds (O double bond and single bond to hydroxyl group) in addition to its connection to the R group.
Carboxyl groups will often lend their H+ into solution and therefore will act as acids. This is the case with carboxylic acids, such as is the case when acetate lends its H+ into solution to become acetic acid.

See also

carboxyl in Arabic: مجموعة كربوكسيل
carboxyl in Catalan: Grup carboxil
carboxyl in German: Carboxylgruppe
carboxyl in Esperanto: Karboksilo
carboxyl in Irish: Carbocsailghrúpa
carboxyl in Korean: 카복실기
carboxyl in Polish: Grupa karboksylowa
carboxyl in Portuguese: Carboxila
carboxyl in Russian: Карбоксильная группа
carboxyl in Swedish: Karboxylgrupp
carboxyl in Ukrainian: Карбоксильна група
carboxyl in Chinese: 羧基
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